Research visit by PhD candidate Precious Chiwara (Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town)
Precious Chiwara visited the Florisbad Quaternary Research Station for three weeks in September and October, to conduct a comparative analysis of ~ 120 000 year-old stone tools excavated at the Florisbad archaeological site. The visit formed part of her research project entitled “Early human social transmission during MIS 5: A perspective from the Kalahari Basin”.
In the photo, Ms. Chiwara is carefully measuring stone tools made by ancient humans, from the 1981 – 1984 and 1991 – 1998 excavations, which are permanently curated at the Florisbad Research Station.
Research visit by Drs Anri van Wyk and Deon de Jager (Department of Biochemistry, Genetics & Microbiology at the University of Pretoria)
Drs Van Wyk and de Jager visited the Florisbad Research Station during the last week of October to collect micro samples from wildebeest and buffalo for genetic analysis and carbon dating.
Dr van Wyk will use whole genome sequencing to look at interbreeding between black wildebeest and blue wildebeest. She will also compare the genetics of ancient black wildebeest individuals with modern individuals. The results of her study will be used to conserve the genetic integrity of these species. Dr de Jager is comparing the genetic diversity of ancient, historical, and modern populations of antelope and buffalo. Genetic diversity is what allows species to adapt to changes in their environment. He aims to investigate how past climate change and recent population declines driven by human activities affected the genetic diversity of these species, which in turn will inform us how species may adapt to current climate change and how we can best conserve them for their future and ours.
Research visit by Dr. Maïlys Richard (CENIEH, Spain), Dr. Michael Toffolo (Bordeaux Montaigne University, France) and Dr. Kristen Wroth (University of Tübingen, Germany)
In September, Drs. Maïlys Richard, Michael Toffolo France) and Kristen Wroth visited the Florisbad Research Station over 3 weeks to conduct fieldwork at two archaeological sites along the Modder River, in collaboration with Dr. Lloyd Rossouw. Their research is aimed at understanding human dispersal in the grasslands of the Free State during the Middle and Later Stone Age (roughly, the last 300,000 years).
In the photos, Dr. Richard and Dr. Toffolo study some of the stone artifacts recovered during excavation, which are permanently curated at the Florisbad Research Station.
Satellite of the National Museum: Florisbad Quaternary Research Station
Florisbad Quaternary Research Station is satellite of the National Museum, It is a research facility for Quaternary palaeontology which combines one of the largest modern comparative osteological and plant silica collections in South Africa with important mid-Quaternary fossil collections.
Text: Dr Lloyd Rossoux l Head of Department l Florisbad Quarternary Research Station
#NationalMuseum l #Florisbad l #research