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History Articles

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Friday 3 July marked the commemoration of one of the key moments in the history of South African rugby. On this day 49 years ago, the South African Rugby Union (SARU), formerly known as the South African Coloured Rugby Football Board (SACRFB), hosted its first final of the South Africa Cup Inter-Provincial rugby competition. Taking the field on this auspicious occasion was the Western Province and Eastern Province. The right to the final was only achieved after a gruelling week-long competition which involved a total of 12 provinces.

Image: Deputy President David Mabuza delivering the eulogy at the special provincial official funeral of Mr Masana Sam Nzima, Lillydale, Mpumalanga Province

No other South African photographer is more closely associated with the Soweto uprisings of June 1976 than Masana Sam Nzima. Sam, who passed away in 2018, became world- famous for the powerful and moving image he took of the dead body of Hector Pieterson being carried by another learner. The house in the small village of Lillydale in Bushbuck Ridge, Limpopo Province, where Sam grew up and had lived at the time of his death, was recently turned into a museum.

Introduction

In a recent assessment around the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations Organisation (UNO) noted that the  ‘pandemic is impacting global food systems, disrupting regional agricultural value chains, and posing risks to household food security’. It also stressed the need to ‘ensure the safety and well-being of staff and beneficiaries’.[1] ReliefWeb, a humanitarian information service provided by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), further observed that lockdowns and other control measures including restricting access to income-earning activities, aimed at curbing the spread of the virus, has both ‘increased the magnitude and severity of acute food insecurity’ around the world.[2]

‘Peace prizes’, noted University of Bradford academic Peter van den Dungen, ‘are awards given to individuals or to organizations for distinguished achievements or efforts in promoting peace’[1]. These awards aim to ‘honor, support and encourage a peacemaker’ or to encourage others to emulate the life and deeds of a great peacemaker. More importantly, they provide ‘legitimacy for their activity as well as a degree of protection for their person where these were lacking before’[2].

Klawerjas (or klaverjas/ klaberjass or ‘Klob’) is a Dutch card game played in South Africa, New Zealand, Australia and Canada, where it has become synonymous with minority (often expatriate) communities (Gibson, 1974). It was introduced during Dutch colonialism in the 17th century and became a popular colonial pastime amongst a wide cross-section of the population.