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Culna

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Long before Charles Darwin came up with his theory of natural selection,(and in doing so providing the English language with numerous adjectives for his name), Frenchman and naturalist Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744 – 1829) (Figure 1) attached his own name to the concept of the inheritance of acquired characteristics. ‘Lamarckian’ refers to this doctrine which is also known as “soft hereditary”, but it was merely an incidental feature of Lamarck’s philosophy on nature.

Soccer, the most popular sport in the world, had an early start in the old Orange Free State. According to the available evidence, the first recorded soccer or football games in Bloemfontein were played during 1876 between St. Andrews College and the Cathedral Choir. Beyond Bloemfontein, the game found an early foothold in towns like Heilbron, Kroonstad, Bethlehem, Lindley, and Jagersfontein during the 1880s and early 1890s. These developments were driven by merchants, railway workers, miners, and a range of other immigrants that made the Republic its home.

Machemma, also known as Machemma’s Kop, refers to the ruins of an archaeological Iron Age site that is situated on the farm Solvent about 20 kilometres northwest of the Waterpoort railway station, which is due north of the Soutpansberg in Limpopo, and 27 kilometres west of Wyllie’s Poort, an N1 road pass in the Soutpansberg.  The settlement on top of the kopje (hill) was the chief’s stronghold, while the ordinary members of the tribe lived in the valleys to the north and south.